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Education Learning

Don’t Break the Chain: Doorway to a Productive You

Don’t Break the Chain is a productivity strategy popularized by the renowned comedian Jerry Seinfield.

The productivity technique requires you to commit to achieving a daily objective over a long period of time. You have to cross off each day that you achieve your daily objective on a calendar. Eventually, you’ll create a chain of Xs that spans weeks or months and gradually form a long-term habit that will last forever.

Every “X” on your calendar signifies a step closer to your objective. For example, every night, your schedule to study ensures your academic achievement in the future.

The tiny things that you do every day help you move closer to your big goal. Success stories may appear to be instant achievements, but most people fail to notice all of the small details that contributed to the great win. The greatest approach to work on your big goal every day is to make it a habit.

Most students find it pretty difficult especially when dealing with daily procrastination. However, the “Don’t break the chain” technique is an excellent solution to this problem. It’s a basic technique and all you need is just a paper calendar and a pen. Even though you don’t need a lot of prep for this trick, it is a really powerful approach for forming healthy habits.

How “Don’t break the chain” is beneficial for students?

Don’t break the chain helps you concentrate on the present moment. It emphasizes performing your daily habits rather than requiring you to think about the next day or the year after today. Instead, you only need to extend your streak of “Xs” by one day.

This approach focuses on the current action that you have full control over, rather than a long-term objective with multiple variables at play. So, you get short-term rewards for habits that pay off in long run.  For example, read two pages every day to build a long-term habit of reading.

 Don’t break the chain helps you gain the benefits of compounding. You have to complete the daily task and add an “x” to the calendar. Eventually, you’ll discover that your efforts compound as you continue to prolong your streak.

Getting Started with “Don’t Break the Chain”

It’s really easy to get started with your chain. You just need a paper calendar, and you’re all set to go. Here are the fundamentals:

Set your goal

Goal setting is the foremost process, where you have to think about your ideal future and drive yourself to make it a reality. Setting objectives allows you to decide where you want to go in life. Knowing exactly what you want to achieve allows you to focus your efforts in the right places.

While setting this goal, be realistic. The key is setting SMART goals; goals that are specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and timely. For example, there’s no point in setting a goal to read 10 books a month if you’ve never even read one. First, determine your big goal or long-term goal and break them into smaller, more manageable goals. Write it down on your calendar why you want to do this task every day.

Set boundaries

Taking breaks is utterly important—whether you are sick or cannot get out of your bed, or you really want to go on a vacation— take a break is fine! Don’t be too hard on yourself. Taking breaks for your mental well-being as well as physical health is important in order to be able to continue along your chain.

Adam Dachis suggests adding an “S” in the calendar for sick and “V” for vacations. Set your specific boundaries and do not cheat. If you take a day off for reasons that fall outside your boundaries, start afresh.

Reward Yourself

When people know there will be a reward at the end of the road, they are more likely to succeed. This is especially true when it comes to forming new habits. The streak of “Xs” in your calendar is increasingly rewarding.

However, if you don’t feel satisfied, start rewarding yourself on every milestone to stay motivated. Just be careful while picking your rewards. Pick something that you will be looking forward to, meanwhile don’t pick something that somehow undoes all of the hard work you’ve put in over the year.

Picking up the tool

The technique originally includes large monthly calendars printed and stuck on the wall. However, if you want to go for a smaller and more convenient option, you can choose a diary or a single sheet calendar. You can also choose to go digital. However, we personally do not recommend that as it can be quite distracting. That said, the technique is all about finding what works best for you.

Summing Up

The “Don’t Break the Chain” productivity approach is an extremely effective tool for creating goals and forming new habits. However, if you’re starting for the first time, start with one activity and do it for at least 10 minutes a day. You can always push your limits as you improve over time.

Remember: No matter how big your goal is, you will ultimately succeed if you take a small step towards your goal every day.

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Develpoment

8 Ways to Remember More and Forget Less

Here are 8 important methods by which you can enhance your memory and retain your memory skills.

Image source: Noplag Blog

Do you think that you have a bad memory? Do you always forget your homework? Are you struggling to remember the birthday dates of your loved ones? This article is going to help you if your answer is yes!

People with excellent memories and memory championship winners are not too different from you. They just use a combination of techniques to enable their mind to memorize things. You may find it hard to remember Names, Equations, Dates, Facts, Tasks, etc. 

But if you follow these 8 Ways To Remember More, then surely your memorizing power will increase. There is no such thing as a “bad memory”, and everyone can improve their memory, as long as you are not suffering from memory loss as a medical condition. In psychology, memory is a process in which information is stored, processed, and retrieved.

So, here are the 8 Ways To Remember More And Forget Less

1. Sleep
Image source: pgcar

Improving sleeping habits is very much important. There is a popular saying, “Early to bed and early to rise, Makes the man healthy, wealthy, and fine.” This is one of the easiest ways to boost your memory power. Get a Good Night’s sleep or you may even take a power nap after learning something new. In one research study, it has been found that people who slept for 8 hours after learning something new are great at remembering things. Sleep replenishes our brain.

2. Mnemonic Technique

Mnemonic devices are the tools that help us to remember things. The basic types of Mnemonic techniques are Spelling mnemonics, Feature mnemonics, Rhyming mnemonics, Note organization mnemonics, Alliteration mnemonics, Song mnemonics, Organization mnemonics, Visual mnemonics, etc.

3. Eat Right
image source: XMind

Don’t overload yourself with unhealthy food or drinks, this causes an increase in the sugar level. Leading to energy loss and also adversely affecting your memory power. Maintain a balanced diet & eat healthily. Food containing anti-oxidants like berries, broccoli, spinach, omega-3 fatty (fish oil), etc. improves memory function. Coconut oil is another healthy fat for brain function.

4. Give your brain some exercise

Image source: Pinterest

Feed your brain the right way. There are apps, video games, and even board games made to test your memory. Playing these games more often forces you to practice your memory. Everything gets better through training, especially our minds.

5. Chunking
Image source: Exam Study Expert

It is a process of clubbing things together in a group. The human brain naturally trains to look for patterns, and chunking allows the brain to easily remember things. In simple words, it is a process by which the mind divides large pieces of information into smaller units (chunks), that are easier to retain in short-term memory.

6. Try Visualizations Or Draw It
Image source: Education Corner

Human brain functions in a way that it remembers visuals more than text. So try to visualize things instead of mugging them up. Draw diagrams, pictures, graphs, or whatever images you might need to help you retain more information and teach your mind to learn what you need.

7. Try To Relate Things

If you can connect what you study to an event from your own life, you will be more likely to remember it. Imagine every new piece of information like a spider spinning a new web. When the information first comes in, the spider has no strings to make a web. But as you connect the information to more places, emotions and events, the web will grow bigger and stronger.

8. Meditation And Have A Quiet Time
Image source: Verywell Mind

Turn off your phone. Turn off the TV and computer. Open a book. Find a quiet spot and just be alone with yourself and your thoughts for a few hours, each day if you can. Let your mind process what it has experienced by letting it relax.

These methods when practiced either individually or together can go a great way into improving your memory & helping you to retain more information.

Categories
Education

What is Python & Why you should use it?

The world of code or programming that keeps your device ticking has always been somewhat of a mystery. Many programming languages developed over the years have aimed to simplify and improve the infrastructure that computers are built on. The Python programming language is precisely one such tool.

What is Python?

Python was developed and created by Guido van Rossum and released in 1991. The intellectual property rights behind the programming language are held by the non-profit corporation Python Software Foundation (PSF).

Python can run on almost every kind of system architecture. As such, it has found purpose in a variety of different applications. It can be used for several purposes. Many of them being,

  • The server side of Web Development
  • Software Development
  • Mathematics
  • System Scripting

Uses of Python

Python is used virtually in any and every industry and/or scientific field. Companies such as Mozilla (Firefox), Google, Microsoft, Netflix, Uber, Reddit, Dropbox etc., all use the programming language in one form or the other. Some of the fields that use this programming language are given below:

  • Data Science (Visualizsation to Analysis)
  • Machine Learning
  • Web Development
  • Computer Science Education
  • Computer Vision and Image Processing
  • Game Development
  • Medicine & Pharmacology
  • Biology & Bioinformatics
  • Neuroscience & Psychology
  • Astronomy
  • Robotics
  • Autonomous Vehicles
  • Meteorology
  • Graphical User Interface (GUI) Development

As observed above, Python has a large number of uses across a variety of fields. What makes it even more appealing is the high level of abstraction it provides. Meaning, the lines of code deemed excessive in other programming languages are not necessary for Python. This makes the language relatively User Friendly & Beginner Friendly and the perfect start to your online learning journey.

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Benefits of Python

Python has a variety of applications and uses. It allows you to focus on the core functionality of the application you are developing. However, it also takes care of common programming tasks, which can sometimes be redundant. Its simple syntax rules make the code base readable. The application you are developing also becomes maintainable and thus scalable.

Key features of Python
Key features of Python

For those beginning their adventure into learning this programming language, we will be highlighting several of its benefits below and understand why Python is as widespread a programming language as it is today.

• Readable & Maintainable Code 

To make an application easy to maintain and update, it is important that the quality of its source code is high. This is where Python comes into play. It has specific syntax rule and uses English keywords instead of punctuations. This programming language can be used to build custom applications without the need for additional lines of code.

• Multiple Programming Paradigms 

Python supports several programming paradigms. It can maintain object-oriented and structured programming fully. Furthermore, it also features a dynamic type system and automatic memory management. These features help you use the programming language for developing large and complex software applications.

• Compatibility 

Compatibility and Interoperability are one of the main benefits of Python. It supports a multitude of operating systems. Without the need for recompilation, the programming language allows you to run the same code on multiple platforms. As such, after making any needed alteration, there is no need to recompile the code. It is possible to run the modified application code and check the impact of the changed code almost immediately.

• Robust Standard Library 

Due to its large and robust standard library, Python is at a level above other programming languages. You can choose the modules as per your precise needs. The accompanying Python Standard Library documentation is useful to gather information about various models on a need to know basis.

• Open Source Frameworks & Tools 

One of the biggest benefits of Python is that it helps you curtail software development cost & time significantly. You have the option to choose from a wide range of open-source frameworks & tools as per your precise needs.

• Simplifying Complex Software Development 

Using Python, you can develop both Desktop & Web applications. It is also useful to develop complex, scientific and numeric applications. Furthermore, it has analysis features that help create custom big data solutions without extra time and effort. Besides this, it is the go-to language when trying to accomplish Artificial Intelligence & natural language processing tasks.

• Facilitates Test-Driven Development 

With Python, you can quickly create prototypes of the software. You can then use this prototype directly to build the software application. Furthermore, coding and testing can also be done simultaneously by adopting a Test-Driven Approach (TTD). Therefore, you can assess applications for functionality and check for their predefined requirements all in real-time.

Taking the next step with Python

So, you have managed to read this far. You will by now have a somewhat basic understanding as to why Python is as versatile and pervasive a programming language as it is today. Learning this programming language is now easy with several online classes cropping. All you need to do now is manage your time and click on your favoured course.

So, ready to code the world?

Categories
Education

Bloom’s Taxonomy: A Framework for Teacher’s & Students

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Credit: eLearning Industry

Bloom's Taxonomy, even though this term may seem unfamiliar to you chances are that you've probably undergone such a form of assessment or that your educational curriculum was designed in such a manner to encompass this method of learning. The main objective of which is to make you specialized in the subject matter of your choice to such a point that you're able to stand your own in a debate, write a thesis or undertake an evaluation of your abilities in the aforementioned subject matter. Bloom's Taxonomy was published in 1956 by Benjamin Bloom with collaborators Max Englehart, Edward Furst, Walter Hill & David Krathwohl as a framework for categorizing educational goals. And has been applied by generations of teachers and college instructors in their teaching.

What is Bloom's Taxonomy?

Bloom's Taxonomy serves as a framework for the assessment of students as they progress through various levels of 'knowledge'. The more knowledge they are imparted with, the more the likelihood of them being able to retain, comprehend and apply said information explicitly. According to Bloom's Taxonomy, there are six levels of cognitive learning, each level being conceptually different. The six levels are Remembering, Understanding, Applying, Analyzing, Evaluating, and Creating. At this point, you might be wondering what this has to do with me as a student. After all, if anything our educational system has taught us it is to simply pass exams, often through rote learning. That is what differentiates a 'Great' student from an 'Outstanding' one and why some students excel more than others. Because quite simply put it is not enough for you to memorize (for example) the names of all the Prime Ministers that India has ever had. What your education and in association your teachers should be focused on is ensuring that you cannot only list all the names of such Prime Ministers but also be able to evaluate and state the contributions of such Politicians to the country as a whole.

The 6 Levels of Bloom's & Why it matters.

Remember

As a Student

This is the most basic level of learning and serves as the foundation for the entire taxonomy, quite simply put a student should be able to retrieve, recall or recognize relevant knowledge from long-term memory as and when the need arises.

As a Teacher

There are multiple ways a teacher can assess this basic level of understanding, often by using appropriate 'Verbs' when framing questions. Which can include words such as, (in Italic) cite, define, describe, identify, label, list, match, name, outline, quote, recall, report, reproduce, retrieve, show, state, tabulate and tell. Sounds familiar? That's because it is, teachers as mentioned have been using this method to gauge and assess the ability of their students for generations.

                                          Understand

 

As a Student

Understanding is the second level of learning and takes into account the ability to demonstrate comprehension through one or multiple forms of explanation. This level underlies the need for students to be able to have grasped what has been taught from a comprehension point of view. Quite simply put students should have 'Understand' the subject matter being taught.

As a Teacher

There are several ways that a teacher can estimate the level of understanding a student has on a particular topic. This again is done by using appropriate 'Verbs', such as (in italics) abstract, arrange, articulate, associate, categorize, clarify, classify, compare, compute, conclude, contrast, defend, diagram, differentiate, discuss, distinguish, estimate, exemplify, explain, extend, extrapolate, generalize, give examples of, illustrate, infer, interpolate, interpret, match, outline, paraphrase, predict, rearrange, reorder, rephrase, represent, restate, summarize, transform, and translate.

                                                  Apply

As a Student

This is the 3rd level and judges the student's ability to apply and/or use information or a skill that they have learned in a new situation (for example) applying a formula to solve a problem. This is a crucial stage just as important as the levels that precede it. Because it is at this stage that a student truly begins to comprehend for himself how much of what he has learned he can put into application. This is why it is at this stage that some students end up hating problem-solving or essay writing thereby shaping their attitudes towards a particular subject and in turn their career choices. So what is most important to remember is that NOT to give up and to start back at the basics if you have to, cause who said you have to do it alone that's what teachers, tutors, and the lucky few parents are here for.

As a Teacher

Same as in other levels there are certain appropriate 'Verbs' that can be used, the learning outcomes of which should be for the student to be able to (in italics) apply, calculate, carry out, classify, complete, compute, demonstrate, dramatize, employ, examine, execute, experiment, generalize, illustrate, implement, infer, interpret, manipulate, modify, operate, organize, outline, predict, solve, transfer, translate and use. What is to be noted by teachers in this level is that not to neglect students who don't seem to have been able to 'apply' what has been taught and forming a judgment as to their ability to learn, but to reconsider the methods that have been employed by them to teach a particular subject or topic. Or if the need arises to focus more on the student who is having said difficulty.

                                            Analyze

As a Student

The 4th level of the taxonomy defines the ability of the student to break the material being taught into its subsequent parts and determine how the parts relate to one another and/or to the overall structure or purpose (for example) the ability to analyze the role of different civic bodies in the functioning of a government. This is a crucial and relatively hard part considering that we're at the fourth tier that's a given, but the ability to analyze any information is critical in the learning process, as only once a student can effectively analyze a problem at hand can he/she determine the right approach to solving the problem.

As a Teacher

The ability to analyze is easier for a teacher than it is for a student, where the former is presented with the dilemma of analyzing the solution the latter is faced with the problem of analyzing the problem. However for teachers who find this process difficult there are certain appropriate 'Verbs' that they can employ in this regard (in italics) analyze, arrange, break down, categorize, classify, compare, connect, contrast, deconstruct, detect, diagram, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, divide, explain, identify, integrate, inventory, order, organize, relate, separate, and structure.

                                             Evaluate

As a Student

The core takeaway from this level of the taxonomy is the ability to make judgments based on preset criteria and standards (for example) judging which of any two given methods is the way to solve a problem. This is crucial when it comes to those tricky problems, where one may employ multiple methods to reach a solution. Ever wondered how some people seem to be going completely wrong yet somehow end up getting the right answer, well this could just mean a higher level of evaluation on the part of the student, given the problem at hand. There are various ways to reach any given solution the trick lies in being able to evaluate the best possible method to reach the desired end result.

As a Teacher

This is becoming a pattern now, but it is what it is. There are several 'Verbs' that are considered appropriate when assessing a students ability to 'Evaluate' which include appraise, apprise, argue, assess, compare, conclude, consider, contrast, convince, criticize, critique, decide, determine, discriminate, evaluate, grade, judge, justify, measure, rank, rate, recommend, review, score, select, standardize, support, test and validate.

                                              Create

As a Student

And now we reach the final level of the taxonomy, it is this level of knowledge that a student should necessarily attain once having completed his course or the level of education he/she is pursuing. This is the ability to take into account all that has been learned and to put multiple elements together to form a functional whole or reorganize elements into a new pattern or structure. Once you have mastered this level will you be truly ready to apply what you have learned in a practical setting? It's not always possible to entirely master this level as one is always presented with new problems to which one has to find out more innovative and creative solutions. As with all things in life, this comes with a learning curve, as most of what we learn out in the real world is "On The Job". (for example) writing a song, or authoring a book, etc.

As a Teacher

For this level too there are certain appropriate 'Verbs' that can be used to evaluate a students ability to 'create' and even further 'innovate' which include (in italics) arrange, assemble, build, collect, combine, compile, compose, constitute, construct, create, design, develop, devise, formulate, generate, hypothesize, integrate, invent, make, manage, modify, organize, perform, plan, prepare, produce, propose, rearrange, reconstruct, reorganize, revise, rewrite, specify, synthesize, and write.

With all things said, if you aren't at a level you presumed yourself to be or even worse not on any of these levels at all, one should remember that this taxonomy was always meant to be a framework, a set of guidelines if you will for how students should ideally spend their time learning and what takeaways they must achieve once having completed the course or level of education they're pursuing. However what's most important of all is that one has to remember both from the perspective of a teacher and a student, is that every individual is unique, and not everyone can be the "smartest" cause in a world of over 7 Billion people there will always be someone smarter, someone brighter, someone more creative, someone more gifted and lastly someone more talented. Always remember that standards are set by those who dream to achieve and are broken by those who achieve to dream. Success is and always has been personal, for the only true competition out there is 'Yourself' and that's who you should be aiming to trump