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Develpoment Education

Why is Moral Development Necessary in Children?

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“Actions speak louder than words” is an aphorism that can be used when considering moral reasoning versus moral behavior. It is one thing to have good intentions and good thinking and another to make good decisions in the heat of the moment. It is often too easy to come up with excuses and get carried away on those ‘solid priorities’.

Most people agree that morality is important and needs to be taught. But the consensus soon breaks down when it comes to what it is and how to teach it.

The question here is why moral development is necessary and how it relates to child development. In my opinion, developing morals is not a one-day process, but a process that lasts a lifetime. Just as we need food to sustain our bodies, we also need moral values ​​to sustain our minds and souls.

Along with moral development, emotional development is also necessary.

What is morality?

Morality is “the recognition of the distinction between good and evil or between right and wrong; respect for and obedience to the rules of right conduct; the mental disposition or characteristic of behaving in a manner intended to produce good results.”

Moral development is the process by which children develop appropriate attitudes and behaviors towards other people in society based on norms, social and cultural rules, and laws.

Let’s understand the process in detail

Levels of moral development in children

Moral development in children is gradual as they grow from infancy to adolescence and beyond. There are 5 main levels of moral development in children.

Infants (up to 2 years)

Infants cannot moralize. Their sense of right and wrong depends on their feelings and desires. After nine months in the womb, the baby expects parental care, so his sense of justice depends on whether or not his needs are met. Hunger and loneliness are uncomfortable feelings for your baby and don’t feel right. Being cared for, hugged, and fed feels good, while lack of response is scary and wrong.

Toddlers (2 to 3 years)

At this age, your toddler realizes that others have rights and needs as well. However, he has not yet understood the difference between good and bad.

Feelings of guilt are based on empathy and moral behavior. Depending on the actions conveyed by the parents, the young child understands that obedience is the norm.

Your toddler knows it’s wrong to take a toy from a sibling just because they might get into trouble. They understand why it is wrong to hit someone because they know that they will be punished for it. Thus, your child will tend to follow the rules to avoid punishment.

Preschoolers (3 to 5 years)

This is the age at which your child internalizes family values. Since rules and regulations are essential to the family discipline, they become important to your child as well. Your child expects the elderly or parents to take responsibility. They understand the role of a “child” and an “adult” and hope that they will be brought to maturity.

The child realizes that actions have consequences: “If I do this, it will happen.” The positive direction of the parents makes the child bond well and behave well. The separated child will do what they want unless and until they are caught.

Kids (7-10 years)

After the age of 7, children start questioning if the people who hold authoritative positions, such as teachers and parents, are infallible.
Your child will develop a strong sense of what he should and should not do. They would want to participate in making rules.

Children of this age develop a sense of fairness and understand the necessity of rules. They understand that children also have rights and filter the rules according to their best interests

Adolescents (11- 16 years)

As they reach adulthood, children begin to develop their own moral values ​​as they question and analyze those imposed by their parents. Your teen will broaden his or her moral horizons and see rules as a set of social guidelines that benefit everyone.

They value the rules, but they also negotiate. They take an interest in what is generally good for society, as they develop their abstract thinking skills. Your teen will begin to realize that the decision they are making affects those around them.

Your youngster wants to be accepted by his peers and can change his values ​​and morals.

Summing Up

Moral Development is about learning ‘values about love!’

Love expresses itself in its connections with one and all. It is a proper means of expression when there is a common essence at an individual, as well as, at its indefinable most universal level.

Good morale is the foundation of every society that will have the power to survive and last. Without appropriate moral development, society is bound to crumbles and education becomes obsolete. What are your views on this? Let us know in the comments below.

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Develpoment Education General

Technology with Education: How Can It Help?

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Education has always been seen as a process of gaining knowledge, and a process of divulging knowledge by those who have the qualifications to do so. In a simplistic model of learning, the teacher masters the class, with whatever they know being passed on to the students. Years of this methodology being applied to schools and institutions have no doubt been doing the work of grooming millions of students.

But over the years, it has been realized that students need a very different kind of exposure to develop their own sense of thinking and understanding. Enclosing them within the supervision of a few sets of teachers felt limiting, despite the fact that those teachers no doubt have their own sets of skills and knowledge to share. Technology implemented in education felt like a renewed energy, pumped into the batch of students, for whom, the scope of learning turned limitless.

Why do educators and learners both so readily accept technology with education? The answer is simple, technology has always worked best as an assistant. It never had as much power to completely take over (yet), nor has it been stubbornly cast aside. This gradual acceptance and balance of technology with education has made the process of integration look so seamless.

Technology with Education Helps in Widening Reach

Globalization, at this point in time, isn’t a new phenomenon. The world is connecting together through (yep, you guessed it right) technology! Technology is responsible for eliminating factors like distance, culture, language, or any other probable reasons that were responsible for dividing humans globally. Thus, it is obvious that education benefits greatly from Globalization.

Technology with education helps widen the reach
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Globalization has become supremely easy through technology. And so, has been education. A wide array of ideas, thoughts, and schools of learning come together on the global platform. The kind of learning today’s generation is receiving will lead to wonders for the future. The simple reason for this is the inclusivity of the entire species. With the above-mentioned barriers removed, it became quite easy to realize how similar people from different parts of the world were.

Education needed this kind of exposure for students to get the best out of it. Technology has given us access to so many different parts of the world. No doubt traditionalists believe that technology does more harm than good. However, modern educators permit laptops and smartphones in classrooms in hopes of making learning easier for students.

But some browsers do have gritty games on mute or some random social media site like Instagram open. But is this distraction a new occurrence due to the intervention of technology? Certainly not. People with a purpose to learn, will do so, and make the best possible use of resources available to them. Likewise, those who seek out distractions, will find it and have been finding it, even with the lack of any sort of technology.    

Technology Helps in Tapering Costs

Technology helps reduce education costs
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In the past, the only way of learning skills and getting an education was by attending schools and colleges. Attending these institutions required money, which some had and others didn’t. Just bear in mind the access to education that technology has given to those who are unable to source money for it.

No doubt some might argue, investing in technology is expensive. But just think about it this way, a majority of the people in today’s time own smartphones, which I might add is mostly a one-time investment. These smartphones alone can assist in learning for those who genuinely want to do it. These kinds of alternatives weren’t available for people belonging to the generation of no technological developments.

So, with relatively low costs, students get access to learning, and that in itself is the biggest win of technology. People invest millions of dollars in student loans. Technology reduces these costs by encouraging smart planning and taking up online courses and certificate courses to cut up costs where possible. Even earning remotely while studying is possible only through technology. It is impossible to imagine education (or life to be honest) without the influx of technology in it.

Technology with Education- Reversing Learning Roles

A recent article I read from Purdue University brought to light something very interesting—a phenomenon rampant in the education system for hundreds of centuries. Notice this painting above. It is a 14th-century illustration by Laurentius De Voltolina that portrays the School of Bologna, a University in medieval Italy. Imagine, a 14th-century depiction of a classroom resembles so much to that of the 21st century.

The educator or teacher is standing in the middle of a podium, addressing the classroom. Students sit below, surrounding the podium. Some with open books, keenly listening and some not so much. One is dozing off on the side, and a few are gossiping at the back.

This model of learning can be best titled as ‘sage on the stage,’ with the educator literally taking over the class to share his knowledge. The students are expected to soak it in sit as an audience to a ‘one wo/man show.’ With technology, students and teachers both can sit back and let the computers take over. With the coining of the term ‘guide on the side,’ technology has certainly reversed roles in learning.   

Summing Up

Technology with education
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Technology with Education is the best duo ever. Both support each other to grow and together become the best source for a student to learn, irrespective of their age, gender, or nationality. In the times of a pandemic, where continuing education was literally impossible, technology made it happen. Wasting two precious years of a student’s life would’ve been tragic. It was progressive to invest it in a slightly different yet easy to adapt the mode of online learning. This pandemic, if nothing else, is the best indicator of how technology has helped revive a system of learning, which might have gone stale in the coming decades.

Too much technology, with uncensored use, might be a problem. But that is something the educators can certainly supervise over. The goal of technology with education is not to classify any type of teaching as superior or inferior. It simply is present to assist in education in any way possible. Humans are developing technology to make their lives easier. And with respect to education, that will be its sole purpose too.  

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Develpoment Education Learning Uncategorized

Understanding the Relationship Between Education and Well-Being

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Education is a gateway to a Better Future and Well-Being. In this world, we need Education in order to make something of ourselves.

Education has a very close relationship to one’s well-being and serves as a very important link; think of it in this way.

With higher education, people not only become capable of solving bigger problems but at the same time, they start to learn from their mistakes. We have previously discussed how mental health and well-being lessons help students.

Today, we are going to take a look at this relationship between education and well-being.

Now, this is a heavy topic folk, the relationship does not exist in one form but don’t worry I will explain everything as we go. Let’s look at some points I have, representing some qualities that people have, which help their well-being.

1. Emotional

Emotions are what make us human. The reason I am bringing this up is to show how our emotions affect us and how education affects them in a way.

First of all, we all need positivity in our lives; here is a great article about positivity and its impact on us. Keeping a positive attitude helps increase our productive nature and also helps us to be active.

Through Education, we learn how to develop emotions; we learn how to react to situations. Later on, it is these emotions that guide us and help us make decisions in Life.

While emotions remain with us since our birth, it is through formal and informal education that we learn how to live with these emotions.

2. Physical

Education just does not come from reading books; you will never learn how to swim by reading a book. Education has a very important physical factor.

Swimming, playing an instrument, dancing, using some machine, and playing video games are skills that require a practical application to master. While most of these are necessary for survival, they contribute to the well-being of an individual by offering the much-needed social connection.

3. Textual

Who doesn’t find textbooks boring? I do like many students out there. However, you’ll be surprised to know just how important they are to your well-being.

Textual Education such as learning to read or do math is a survival skill in the 21st century. They open up avenues and allow you to find many fields to pursue as per your own desire.

They represent the foundation of knowledge and are important for any learner so that he/she can become a productive part of society. Moreover, they open a window for learners and readers into a concept that may have been unknown to them before. This constant exposure to new information through textbooks and book, in general, keep your mind fresh and healthy.

4. Experiences

Let’s look at something that can’t be taught. Experiences play an important role in shaping an individual; whether it’s the passing of a family member or getting rejected by your crush or a job.

Life Experiences teach you valuable lessons. In a sense, they are the most important, since you can’t get them from any other source and can’t get them through your own desire.

Things you have learned through experience are something you are less likely to forget, as your body creates a memory associated with the task or skill. This is why experiential learning is preferred by the current generation of learners. Moreover, learning through experience leads to an increase in self-worth and confidence in learners, which directly affects their well-being.

5. Upbringing

Someone’s upbringing plays an important role; life experiences often influence educational choices (ex: Son of a doctor becomes a doctor). In a way, upbringing is part of the informal education that individuals get before they enter schooling years. Having a strong base in these years can contribute to the future well-being of a learner and the kind of student they become.

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Develpoment Education

What is Sustainable Education and Why is it Important?

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We live in the era of Information and Technology. Today, we are surrounded by knowledge and have answers that were once even beyond imagination.

What is the Earth made of? How does the moon taste? What are stars? How do Robots work? We know all this today but at the cost of our natural resources. For centuries, we have been burning through our resources in order to satiate our undying curiosity. Now, just like Robert Frost, we have reached a fork in our path and must choose which road we must take.

Sustainable Education or Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) promotes the development of skills and values required to create a sustainable future.

Sustainable Future

Sustainable education for the future
Source

So, what exactly is a Sustainable Future? Well, it refers to creating a future in which we are no longer threatened. A future that ensures environmental protection and conservation, promotes social equity, and encourages economic sustainability.

[Economic Sustainability promotes using, safeguarding, and sustaining resources (human and material) to create long-term sustainable values by optimal use, recovery, and recycling.]

In many ways, Sustainable Future does seem like a utopian society, and hence, a pipedream. However, sustainable education is something that will help us close this gap.

A Sustainable Future is a necessity to ensure the survival of Earth and its denizens. We are bound to run out of resources. Therefore, it is important to put our future needs ahead of our current needs.

~Here is an article from UNESCO on the importance of Sustainable Education.~

Tips for Teaching Sustainability

Teaching sustainability
Source

All the tips that I’m about to mention are from an excellent research article you can find here. I will be shortening the points in order to try to get them across easily.

1. Student OverLoad

Firstly, teachers should see to it that students don’t get overwhelmed or depressed by the global environmental crises. Emotional overload can make the student feel powerless or even resentful, which can disrupt the learning process.

Instead, teachers should discuss environmental success stories. This may include discussion of environmental policies or movements that have succeeded in mitigating pollution, conserving resources, or promoting ecological resiliency.

2. Quality of Life Issues

Students learning about environmental issues for the first time can easily feel that their entire lifestyle is threatened by resource limits and the environmentalists who champion living simply.

Furthermore, educators can sometimes add to this sense of threat by taking a moralizing prescriptive and unyielding approach to more sustainable lifestyles. 

Therefore, a better way to approach the issues is defining happiness and quality of life.

3. Things to Teach

Firstly, teachers must engage the students with group discussions. Doing so will allow cross-communication among them. This can also lead to problem-solving sessions and debates; teachers can also assign group projects for this.

Teachers must also teach students to analyze data for themselves. Rather than just reading about data, they should have the ability to decode data and analyze it for themselves. This will not only give them insight but also empower them.

Spend time investigating the historical origins and conflicting uses of environmental terminology such as “sustainability,” “environmentalism,” “stewardship,” and “nature”.

Some of the topics that are important here are:

* Precautionary Principle

The precautionary principle states that, if an action risks causing harm to the public or the environment, and there is no scientific consensus that it is indeed harmful, the burden of proof that it is NOT harmful falls on those taking the action.

* Interdisciplinarity

A critical and thorough understanding of issues related to environmental sustainability necessarily involves contributions from a wide variety of disciplines. Therefore, learning about the interdisciplinary nature of sustainable actions is necessary.

* #Envision2030

Finally, let’s talk about Envision 2030. In September 2015, the General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development that includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The new Agenda emphasizes a holistic approach to achieving sustainable development for all.

Of course, Sustainable Education is necessary for us to achieve these goals, everyone should be educated about them and actively work towards them.

Sustainable development goals
Source

The Sustainable Development Goals are:

  1. No Poverty
  2. Zero Hunger
  3. Good Health and Well-being
  4. Quality Education
  5. Gender Equality
  6. Clean Water and Sanitation
  7. Affordable and Clean Energy
  8. Decent Work and Economic Growth
  9. Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
  10. Reduced Inequality
  11. Sustainable Cities and Communities
  12. Responsible Consumption and Production
  13. Climate Action
  14. Life Below Water
  15. Life on Land
  16. Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
  17. Partnerships to achieve the Goal

Conclusion

I hope you understand the dire need for Sustainable Education. The good news is that we are close to our goals. The more people who support sustainable Education, the closer we get to saving our planet. So, let us take the pledge to promote Sustainable Education and be sustainable in our daily lives.

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Develpoment Learning

Emotions and Their Power: Do We Need Positivity?

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What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger.

Ever heard someone say this for you to go, “What nonsense are you spewing?” Well, now is it total crap? Technically, not so much. 

Many psychological studies on emotions seem to emphasize this, albeit in a more scientific way (which most of us can’t understand). Psychologists often avoided studying emotions as they are hard to quantify or measure. Even when they eventually started studying them, their focus was on the negative emotions and in figuring out ways to treat them or reduce harm from these emotions (obviously, since they are almost constant in life).

via GIPHY

Martin Seligman, a well-known psychologist in the field of Positive Psychology, is the one who shed some light on how positive emotions shape human lives. Many others followed him and turned to these positive emotions in hopes of making lives better for us (I wonder if that is even possible at this point). 

Why not positive emotions, to begin with? 

Why did psychologists see negative emotions to be of much importance? Well, negative emotions prepare us for a particular set or range of actions. Let’s say you are scared of clowns. One day, you spot a clown at a circus or a birthday party. What would your immediate response be? You will look for safety—be it through fight or flight. 

Why do we need these actions? To survive— giving birth to offspring and generating generations upon generations is the only thing humans truly strive for (which is again debatable to an extent, or is it?). If you stand in front of an elephant that is running wild without acting in a fight or flight mode, you would, of course, be trampled to death. In short, negative emotions keep you alive. 

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Then what are positive emotions for? Do we even need them? 

I would say, not really; we don’t need them. We can have them if we want to (as ironic as it sounds)—“Be positive, be positive” might be a great mantra to tell yourself to feel positive. This Learned Optimism reduces stress levels and improves cardiovascular health, says Martin Seligman in his research on Authentic Happiness. However, is it good to be positive all the time? No. Sometimes it is dangerous to be positive. 

Let’s say you are facing a hungry lion. You are such a positive person that you think the lion would just walk away because you are not trying to harm it. Any animal would only harm us when it sees us as a danger, right? Well, guess what? The lion just pounced on you and tore you into pieces till it satiated its hunger. Damn, now you are not alive to feel positive anymore. Meaning, being positive tend to get you killed.

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Does this mean we should only cultivate negative emotions? 

Do we eliminate our association with positive emotions? Apparently not. Barbara Frederickson, another well-known positive psychologist, puts forth the theory of Broaden and Build of Positive Emotions for this exact reason. This theory stresses that we need both types of emotions in dealing with life. 

As much as negative emotions are necessary for survival and immediate response, positive emotions give you a broader perspective or a big picture. Negative emotions let you choose between a limited number of options, while positive emotions let you find creative ways of tackling a situation. Therefore, positive emotions act as a way of building resources to cope with our negative feels. 

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How positivity aids the learning process?

Yes, I ranted about all of that to talk about learning. The play of emotions (negative and positive) is big in learning outcomes. Don’t believe me? Let me convince you. 

Have you ever wondered why learners often avoid studying a subject they don’t like? Or why don’t they seem to grasp the matter even when they give extra time to that particular subject? Well, it has to do with the fact that our brain is wired to invest its energy in things it likes. 

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Not liking a subject is linked to negative emotions, and as we have already discussed, we tend to either fight it or run away from it. We can reduce this kind of avoidance in learners by cultivating positive thoughts towards the subject learners dislike. Interpreting the subject differently and linking it with things the learners like is an effective way to push them towards that subject, little by little. 

Conclusion

To conclude, be negative to stay alive. However, if you want to extend your lifespan and the quality of your life, you better adopt some methods of positive intervention. 

(I feel this blog has become a rant at this point, but here it is anyway. Stop controlling others’ emotions. Let them decide what to feel and express when. Agree?) 

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