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Develpoment Education Learning

7 Learning Styles You Need To Know

Photo by NeONBRAND on Unsplash

“Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid.”

Albert Einstein

Every student is different and learns differently and must be taught differently so that they may learn and understand the world around them. This is where different learning styles come into the picture.

In this article I will be exploring different learning styles, analyzing, presenting my thoughts as well trying to find if any one of them is a superior style of learning.

Before we begin, let me preface this by saying that these 7 learning styles that I am going to talk about are not absolute. According to different sources, the number of styles ranges anywhere from 4-8, 7 just seems to be one that sits with me the best.

And of course, I recommend that you do your own research. Let’s go!

Visual Learning Style

It is the model in which the learner needs to see information in order to process it. Visual Learning employs the use of graphs, maps, charts, diagrams, etc.

It is an advantageous style since in a general lecture a student might get distracted and miss out on a part of the lecture. However, using visual learning, these learners are likely to have a photographic memory and may use color, tone, and brightness to recall information. In the visual learning style, educators can teach and learners learn from even YouTube videos.

Visual Learning, however, can also be strenuous, since a lot of people do not enjoy drawing diagrams and poor diagrams will only hinder understanding; the same goes for inaccurate diagrams.

Aural Learning Style

The Aural Learning style is one in which the learners are able to absorb knowledge by listening. These are the people who are able to pay a lot of attention in classes and are able to answer concepts after listening about them.

It is seen that these learners are also proficient in language and acting, and are able to follow instructions to the point. Many school systems follow Aural Learning as it is much easier to apply when teaching.

A lot of subjects are taught exclusively in aural mode with the students having the option to take notes (higher classes).

Verbal Learning Style

In this Learning Style, the Learners prefer speaking out in order to remember concepts. Verbal Learning is similar to Aural and generally learners who are good at these, excel in school.

Verbal Learning is a good way to practice concepts and language at the same time. People efficient in this learning style tend to be good writers and actors. Some students also use Visual Learning along with Verbal by associating a place with a thing.

Physical Learning Style

Physical Learning refers to a person’s ability to process information physically through hand and body movement, control, and expression. It is also known as Tactile-Kinesthetic Learning Style.

In some ways, all children are natural physical learners. As babies, they rely on their sense of touch to grasp new ideas and concepts. If a child learns best by immersing himself in physical activities, he’s kinesthetic. These kids like to move and get their whole bodies involved in activities.

An example of a kinaesthetic learning experience is when a child learns to use a swing or to ride a bike. It is unfortunately a Learning Style that schools do not focus much on.

Logical Learning Style

These learners can make connections and recognize patterns with ease, and work well with numbers. They have a very systematic approach to learning and are excellent at keeping organized.

They make good scientists and mathematicians as these students are easily able to understand complicated concepts of Mathematics, Science, and Coding.

Among other learning styles, logical learning is one of a kind, as it is more of a skill that needs to be honed over time. This is a skill that can be developed over time with consistent studying and logical problem-solving. Personally, I would suggest playing strategy games like chess (not expert advice).

Social Learning Style

Social learners are typically strong at both verbal and nonverbal communication. They are often the people who listen well and give advice. Professional areas to consider for social learners include counseling, coaching, human resources, and sales.

These learners are extroverts and are very social. They work well in teams whether as a leader or a member and generally this is where they shine the most.

Again, this is a skill that is developed by interacting with the public and undertaking group projects.

Solitary Learning Style

Solitary learning style is the opposite of Social Learning; learners of this style work alone and are generally introverts.

They hardly talk to anyone and never want to participate in group projects, rather choosing to their projects on their own. They might be social in their free time but like to fly solo.

A prime example of solitary learning style is private tutoring and homeschooling, where children are mostly the only student. These learners end up being better at teaching and learning in a one-on-one session.

Conclusion

At the beginning of this Article, I said that I wanted to find out which style is the best. However, it seems impossible to judge that.

Each style is useful and important; each student learns differently so for each student the answer is different. I don’t like anticlimactic endings but it seems that I am at a stalemate here.

If you enjoyed this article, drop me a comment; See you soon!

Categories
Develpoment Education

NGOs That Are Working Towards Better Education

Photo by Su Nyoto on Unsplash

At the time of writing, there are an estimated 10 million NGOs (non-governmental organizations) operating worldwide. An NGO is a non-profit organization that works independently of any government, carrying out a wide range of activities for the benefit of underprivileged people and society at large.

There are more than 600,000 NGOs in Australia whose employees make up 8% of the country’s workforce whereas in India there is an NGO for every 400 people. (3.3 million approx.)

NGOs are also strengthening today’s education system in various parts of the world; since they are independent of the government, they are free of any education system/board, which has proven to be a blessing.

Foundations working for education (ex: Oxfam) play an important role in supporting the most vulnerable children access their Right to Education.

Why are NGOs necessary?

NGOs are important for providing education, especially in countries where not everyone has access to education, due to either “tradition” or lack of funds.

Therefore, they help provide these people with the education they need in order to live a happy life, the government also supports NGOs with various schemes.

NGOs generally identify the most vulnerable children and help enroll them in schools under the Right to Education Act. Oxfam, for example, also provides gap classes for students who have missed a few years.

How do NGOs Work

NGOs take up and execute projects to promote welfare of the community they work with. Different types of NGOs exist which deal with different aspects and sectors of society, including community based, civil society, environmental, educational, etc.

NGOs are funded through membership dues, the sale of certain goods and services, however most of their funding comes from philanthropic foundations, donations and grants from local and federal agencies/private companies.

Such organizations seek out people who need help as well as people who want to help the less fortunate, hiring as well as working with these people for the benefit of everyone.

Notable NGOs

Here I am mentioning a few notable NGOs, along with that there are links present where you can donate to them, even a little makes a difference.

BRAC

Building Resources Across Communities (BRAC) is an international development organization based in Bangladesh. It is the largest NGO in the world. Apart from Bangladesh, BRAC is present in 11 countries in Asia, Africa, and America. As of the end of 2012, it had more than 22,700 non-formal primary schools with a combined enrolment of 670,000 children

Mercy Corps

Mercy Corps is Global Non-governmental, Humanitarian Aid organization. The organization has claimed to have aided over 220 million people to survive conflicts, seek improvement, deliver development, etc.

Mercy Corps’ SAFE (abbreviation of Supporting Adolescent Girls’ Future through Second Chance Education) School program helps adolescent girls from vulnerable households get admitted to schools.

Oxfam

Oxfam is a confederation of 20 independent charitable organizations focusing on the alleviation of global poverty, led by Oxfam International. It is a major nonprofit group with an extensive collection of operations. Oxfam has several Education programs and runs its own bookstores.

World Vision International

World Vision International is an evangelical Christian humanitarian aid, development, and advocacy organization. It prefers to present itself as interdenominational and also employs staff from non-evangelical Christian denominations.

World Vision runs a child sponsorship program that aims to help needy children, families, and communities access clean drinking water, sanitation, education, skills for future livelihood.

Providing Education

NGOs use a lot of different and innovative ways to provide education. Apart from enrolling children in school, they hold regular counselling sessions to encourage parents to send their kids to school.

Oxfam, for example, also has management committees made of teachers, students, and parents. This committee helps take accountability in children and school’s development and also hold skill-development workshops.

They also follow a few more strategies such as supporting paid volunteers from the communities in order to check the dropping out of children; providing in-service training to teachers; or supporting the management of schools.

Most of these are carried out on the basis of a formal agreement with the state governments.

Conclusion

NGOs provide opportunities and help people who cannot help themselves. They not only provide education but, at large, give someone a new lease on their life.

The sheer number of NGOs implies that there are people who care. People who are willing to do something for others and not expect much in return. With the right support from the privileged, these NGOs get to continue doing what they are doing.

Thanks for reading folks, drop a comment if you enjoyed the article; I will see you soon.

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Develpoment Education

Ways to Teach Students with Learning Disabilities

If a child can’t learn the way we teach, maybe we should teach the way they learn

Ignacio Estrada

Children learn a lot of skills throughout their lives— reading, writing, listening, comprehending, calculating, and communicating. Some skills are more difficult to master than others. Every kid is unique and has varied needs. When some kids learn these skills really quickly, others struggle to keep up with their peers.

Surprisingly, learning disabilities or special learning abilities are rather prevalent, yet often misunderstood with academic failure. Kids with special needs fail to develop the knowledge, competence, motivation, and self-control needed to excel in important academic areas. They often drop out of school and end up being vulnerable to precarious employment prospects.

However, various research studies have proved that we can teach kids with learning disabilities to “learn how to learn”.

There are multiple institutions and support groups all around the world that are committed to helping these kids overcome the challenges including the British Institute of Learning Disabilities, National Center for Learning Disabilities, Council for Learning Disabilities, Mencap – The Voice of Learning Disabilities, Foundation for People with Learning Disabilities, and more.

In this blog, we will discuss the various ways we can teach students with learning disabilities.  Let’s dive in.

What are Learning Disabilities?

Learning disability is a phrase that refers to a variety of learning and thinking differences that can alter how the brain receives, processes, stores, and transmits data. The disabilities impair one’s use of spoken or written language, comprehend, perform mathematical computations, coordinate movements, or focus attention.

Children with learning impairments are just as smart as their peers, if not smarter. However, they may have difficulties writing, reading, spelling, reasoning, recalling and organizing if left to their own devices or taught in traditional ways.

According to Healthline, Dyslexia is the most prevalent learning disorder, accounting for 80 to 90% of all learning disabilities.

The most common Learning Disabilities or Special Learning Abilities include:

  1. Dyslexia – It is a learning disorder that impairs the kid’s ability to read, spell and speak.
  2. Dyscalculia – It refers to the difficulty in understanding numbers, retaining simple mathematical facts, or reasoning through word problems.
  3. Dysgraphia- The disorder impairs the individual’s ability to express themselves in writing. They may take hours to write a few sentences or have poor spelling problems.

Ways to Teach Students with Learning Disabilities

Homeschooling, tutoring and special schools can help children with a learning disability to learn at their own pace. Teachers can use a variety of strategies to assist students with learning disabilities.

Teaching Kids with Dyslexia or Reading Disabilities

  1. Do not ask the kids to read aloud.
  2. Give them quiet space to read.
  3. Use audiobooks or textbooks with large prints.
  4. When reading, encourage children to engage both their visual and auditory senses.
  5. Provide chapter outlines or study aids to students that emphasize important points in their reading.
  6. Ask students to reread the old stories to develop fluency.
  7. Encourage students to read the topics of their interests.
  8. Concentrate on exercises that incorporate the sound of words rather than letters or spellings.
  9. Demonstrate and teach your students to break down the short phrases into distinct words.
  10. Ask the kids to clap out syllables and try to generate rhymes.

Teaching kids with Dysgraphia or Writing Disabilities

  1. Provide printouts to the kids with Dysgraphia so there’s less to copy from the board.
  2. Be patient! Allow kids extra time to copy from the board or take notes.
  3. Allow your students to use laptops or computers for writing assignments.
  4. To aid in the formation of letters in the correct space, provide paper with different-coloured or raised lines.
  5. Teach students to proofread their assignments or allow them to use proofreaders to look for errors.
  6. If required, use speech-to-text or scribe so that students can dictate their answers.
  7. Give the student a partially finished outline to fill in the information beneath the key categories.
  8. Permit the use of tape recorders in the classroom.
  9. Provide them with a quiet area to write their tests.

Teaching Students with Dyscalculia or Calculation Disabilities

  1. Teach your students to draw diagrams and sketches to solve word problems.
  2. Show your students how to apply math in real life.
  3. Create tailored worksheets including word problems and number problems.
  4. Provide your students with graphical charts of formulas or multiplication tables.
  5. Allow the students to use calculators if required.
  6. You can use puzzles, coins and block to teach the math concepts.
  7. Use graph papers to align numbers and problems.
  8. Teach students how to comprehend the problem, devise a strategy to address it, follow out the plan, and check their work to ensure that the solution solves the problem.

To increase students’ grasp of assignments and the quality of their work, you can employ the following methods:

  1. Humiliating the kids with learning disabilities is a big no. Never display their work to their peers as an example of poor work. Rather, provide them with opportunities and praise them for every achievement.
  2. Explain the lessons and include step-to-step instructions, so that these children can understand the lessons.  
  3. Break down the learning tasks into smaller assignments.
  4. You can also use graphic organizers to present the information in a more understandable manner.
  5. Set specific expectations and communicate them clearly.
  6. Probe regularly to check progress and provide quality feedback.

Summing Up

Learning disabilities are surprisingly common around the world. In fact, difficulties with reading, writing or comprehending during the school years are the signs and symptoms of learning disorder.

However, the disorder doesn’t make the students less intelligent or lazy. They just learn differently.  In fact, students with learning disabilities possess average or above-average intelligence. However, there’s a gap between their potential learning and actual achievement. That is why learning disabilities are also referred to as “Hidden Disabilities”.

It is extremely crucial for the teachers to implement the strategies that are tailored according to the needs of these children. Moreover, kids with learning disabilities learn slow pace. So, you need to be patient and consistently work with them.

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Develpoment Education General

Education Systems That Lead The World

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Education systems across the globe have had different outlooks on imparting knowledge. The world has been a global hub for learning, with educational institutions being the bridge. Education systems vary depending on the culture and values of the people of the country. The policies and structures that the government of the country enforces play a strong role as well.

In global rankings, countries like UK, USA, Canada, Australia, Denmark, among others, have the highest rankings. However, Finland’s education system has consistently topped the charts over the years. This analysis is based on the country’s average student test scores in subjects like mathematics, science, and reading. Apart from that, matters like literacy rate, high school, and college enrollment rates, and international student ratios are also considered.

Education Policies of Finland

Education in Finland

Finland has managed to outrank UK and USA education systems in the above criterion. This is because the country follows a dedicated and systematic approach to learning. Finland adopts a very systematic and comprehensive curriculum with a design to ensure that root-level learning is elevated.

Finnish schools focus on high-quality infrastructure and other facilities. Tuition is free for students from the EU, European Economic Area (EEA), and Switzerland. Additionally, it is mandatory for most teachers and educators to have a master’s degree.

Finnish schools empower some core principles from the first stage of education. A child does not require to enroll in a school until they turn six. Though if a parent wishes, facilities like expansive early childhood education and care (ECEC) programs are available.

The Finnish government keeps reforming its education system to work with the latest trends. Its most recent reform shifts the attention of a learner from the classic ‘what to learn.’ Instead, it aims to inculcate a ‘how to learn’ mindset. Finnish education focuses well on helping a student get employed by training them to avoid-dead ends from an early stage.

UK’s Evolved Education

UK’s education emphasizes on analytical and practical thinking, dividing studies into different levels. The four levels include primary, secondary, further, and higher education. Students can choose if they wish to study further after each of these levels.

The most revolutionary system of evaluation in UK is perhaps its quality assurance system. The Quality Assurance Agency is an independent auditing agency. It is responsible for reviewing and comparing government controlled universities and colleges of the country regularly. They post their results on their website online

UK’s education ranks high on international students’ desirability index. Their teaching methodology breaks the barriers of classroom walls and implores students to venture out. Furthermore, scholarships, bursaries, grants, fellowships, and all sorts of financial aid are available for students with real potential and caliber.

UK is also the proud establisher of one of the highest globally accepted tests of the world the IELTS. Today, all major global universities have accepted IELTS as an assessment of English Language for non-native English speaking students. This includes most institutions of Australia, UK, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, and more than 3,000 colleges, universities, and other institutions in the USA.

Check out the free IELTS course offered by TutorHere and improve your understanding of the test!

USA’s Progressive Learning Systems

While the UK enforces the choice of choosing specializations quite early in the students, the USA’s Education System believes in teaching all major subjects till they earn their High School Diploma. USA’s education system focuses majorly on examinations and grades, which becomes an important deciding factor for students for enrolling in major universities of the country.

US academic system has three stages, i.e. Elementary school, Middle school, and High School, where importance is given to building foundations in English language and Mathematics.

The biggest difference in the US education system from its counterparts is that here there is an option of studying major subjects like Mathematics and Science sequentially rather than simultaneously like others. There is a choice for the student to complete Physics in one grade and Mathematics or Chemistry in another. The only end goal is to finish off with everything to earn a diploma after the 12th or the senior year.

Education in USA

Global Education Systems have managed to connect continents for centuries. With each country looking to outshine the others in matters of education, competition is tough. The responsibility of curating a top-notch education system, that caters to a global audience is what separates these countries from others in the field.

In the coming decades though, new players will be emerging with progressive policies for education. Gradually it seems, no education system shall be out of reach for those who really wish to advance in fields of their choice.

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Develpoment

8 Ways to Remember More and Forget Less

Here are 8 important methods by which you can enhance your memory and retain your memory skills.

Image source: Noplag Blog

Do you think that you have a bad memory? Do you always forget your homework? Are you struggling to remember the birthday dates of your loved ones? This article is going to help you if your answer is yes!

People with excellent memories and memory championship winners are not too different from you. They just use a combination of techniques to enable their mind to memorize things. You may find it hard to remember Names, Equations, Dates, Facts, Tasks, etc. 

But if you follow these 8 Ways To Remember More, then surely your memorizing power will increase. There is no such thing as a “bad memory”, and everyone can improve their memory, as long as you are not suffering from memory loss as a medical condition. In psychology, memory is a process in which information is stored, processed, and retrieved.

So, here are the 8 Ways To Remember More And Forget Less

1. Sleep
Image source: pgcar

Improving sleeping habits is very much important. There is a popular saying, “Early to bed and early to rise, Makes the man healthy, wealthy, and fine.” This is one of the easiest ways to boost your memory power. Get a Good Night’s sleep or you may even take a power nap after learning something new. In one research study, it has been found that people who slept for 8 hours after learning something new are great at remembering things. Sleep replenishes our brain.

2. Mnemonic Technique

Mnemonic devices are the tools that help us to remember things. The basic types of Mnemonic techniques are Spelling mnemonics, Feature mnemonics, Rhyming mnemonics, Note organization mnemonics, Alliteration mnemonics, Song mnemonics, Organization mnemonics, Visual mnemonics, etc.

3. Eat Right
image source: XMind

Don’t overload yourself with unhealthy food or drinks, this causes an increase in the sugar level. Leading to energy loss and also adversely affecting your memory power. Maintain a balanced diet & eat healthily. Food containing anti-oxidants like berries, broccoli, spinach, omega-3 fatty (fish oil), etc. improves memory function. Coconut oil is another healthy fat for brain function.

4. Give your brain some exercise

Image source: Pinterest

Feed your brain the right way. There are apps, video games, and even board games made to test your memory. Playing these games more often forces you to practice your memory. Everything gets better through training, especially our minds.

5. Chunking
Image source: Exam Study Expert

It is a process of clubbing things together in a group. The human brain naturally trains to look for patterns, and chunking allows the brain to easily remember things. In simple words, it is a process by which the mind divides large pieces of information into smaller units (chunks), that are easier to retain in short-term memory.

6. Try Visualizations Or Draw It
Image source: Education Corner

Human brain functions in a way that it remembers visuals more than text. So try to visualize things instead of mugging them up. Draw diagrams, pictures, graphs, or whatever images you might need to help you retain more information and teach your mind to learn what you need.

7. Try To Relate Things

If you can connect what you study to an event from your own life, you will be more likely to remember it. Imagine every new piece of information like a spider spinning a new web. When the information first comes in, the spider has no strings to make a web. But as you connect the information to more places, emotions and events, the web will grow bigger and stronger.

8. Meditation And Have A Quiet Time
Image source: Verywell Mind

Turn off your phone. Turn off the TV and computer. Open a book. Find a quiet spot and just be alone with yourself and your thoughts for a few hours, each day if you can. Let your mind process what it has experienced by letting it relax.

These methods when practiced either individually or together can go a great way into improving your memory & helping you to retain more information.